About flax and linen
Linen – one of man’s eternal companion
Already in the Stone Age could people in Europe preparing flax, although most appear to have been used to benefit things like ropes, fishing nets and the like. The fashion was not as developed at the time. The tablecloth, not to mention the napkin, had hardly any come to mind.
In ancient Egypt, people began to dress in beautiful and cool linen. Linen was the only material allowed the priest costumes and mummies wrapped in fine linen clothes, many of which are still preserved. From Egypt spread the knowledge of Babylon, which in ancient times was the center of “linen industry”, via Greece to the Roman Empire and on up over Europe. In the Roman Empire existed in antiquity large linspinnerier in eg Ravenna and Vienne was under strict control of the “procuratores linificiorum” which says a lot about the importance it ascribed to the material. In Sweden, we have been able to prepare the flax at least since the Bronze Age.
Well into the 1500s range to the flax on a dragonfly, a handy tool that you can still see Oriental women to master the virtousitet. Around 1530 came the spinning wheel and put more speed on lintillverkningen. Flax production was long a craft. When the machines came in the late 1700s also came flax’s main competitor -bomullen. Better machines arrived, which was also suitable for the linen industry. In 1805, Joseph Marie Jacquard built his epoch-making machine for weaving patterns, which among other things gave the old, fine damask weaving new possibilities.
Linet has faced severe competition from simpler and cheaper materials and more than once it has been thought that it would disappear completely. Flax quality and beauty value have finally overcome all the “innovations”, including the later years of synthetic fibers. Now it appears the flax join a new heyday to meet – in a world heading back towards the quality of thinking and beautiful things. Lin is an unrivaled material – in skilled professional hands.